Before the result of a split vote or split vote is announced, a recorded division may be taken at the request of one-fifth of the senators present, but not less than one-fifth of the presumed quorum of 51. If, after review by the First Chamber, a bill that has been vetoed is adopted by the required two-thirds majority, a corresponding approval shall be given on the back of the bill and then transmitted to the Second Chamber for decision, together with the accompanying notification. If this issue is also considered and adopted by this body, a similar note will be made. The bill so enacted will not be resubmitted to the President, but will be returned to the Administrator of the General Services Administration for archiving and printed with the certificates of the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of its adoption despite the veto of the President. At the second or subsequent session of a Congress, legislative business of the Senate which has remained indefinite at the end of the preceding session of that Congress shall be resumed and continued in the same manner as if no adjournment of the Senate had taken place. (Article XVIII) Actions may be filed with the phrase “on request,” a term found after the names of the sponsors of bills and resolutions introduced or tabled at the request of the government or private organizations or individuals. Such proposals, while presented out of courtesy, are not necessarily favoured by the senators who support them. Bills from the president or an executive agency are usually introduced by the chair of the skills committee, who may belong to the opposition party. “Twinning” is the practice developed in both chambers to allow representatives and senators to express their views on one or more particular issues when they are inevitably absent from the chamber in public or private business. By using “pairs”, a senator (or representative) who prefers a particular subject and is absent from a recorded vote on that subject can make his or her opinion effective by entering into a treaty (twinning) with a colleague who opposes the issue that none of the senators will vote on. “Couples” are not counted as yes or no in the official list of roll-call votes to decide whether to accept or reject the subject to be put to the vote. Members of the Senate, as well as members of the House of Representatives, may also serve on joint committees whose functions and responsibilities are specified in resolutions or laws establishing such committees. There are currently four joint congressional committees.
Conference committees, which are appointed in case of disagreement on a measure after its adoption by both houses, are composed of members of the Senate and the House of Representatives as joint committees, but votes in a conference committee are not as a body but as two delegations. COMMITTEE: A body of members appointed by the Speaker (or other authority designated by the House) to review and make recommendations regarding the disposition of bills, resolutions and other related matters. Date of Entry into Force: A law generally comes into force or becomes binding, either on a date specified in the law itself or, in the absence of such a date, on a fixed number of days (depending on the State) after the final adjournment of the session in which it was promulgated, or after it is signed by the Governor. According to the Rules of the Senate, a day is generally recognized as a legislative day, unless it is specified as a calendar day. There is, for example, the condition that “no senator may speak more than twice on a question during a debate on the same legislative day. in Article XIX. Rule V , requests for “suspension, modification or modification of an article […], except within a written period of one day […]” does not allow, although the type of day is not specified, is interpreted as meaning a calendar day. SENATE: A legislative body; As a rule, the body has the smallest number of members in a bicameral legislature. REPEAL: A method of repealing or rescinding legislation. BILL STATUS: The status of a bill at any point in the legislative process. It can be in committee, in the calendar, in the other place, etc.